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:: Volume 1, Issue 1 (Journal of Research in Dental & Maxillofacial Sciences winter 2016) ::
J Res Dentomaxillofac Sci 2016, 1(1): 22-27 Back to browse issues page
Treatment Effects of Farmand Functional Appliance on Class II Division 1 Malocclusion
HR Pakshir1, A Mokhtar2, A Darnahal3, Z Kamali4, AR Jamilian *5
1- Professor, Orthodontic Research Center, Dental Faculty University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran., Orthodontic Research Center, Dental Faculty University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
2- Post Graduate Student, Orthodontics Dept,Dental Branch of Tehran, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran., Orthodontics Dept,Dental Branch of Tehran, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Dentist, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4- MSc National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Professor, Fellow of Orthognathic Surgery, Orthodontics Dept, Member of Craniomaxillofacial Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. , info@jamilian.net
Abstract:   (3017 Views)

Background and Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cephalometric changes in Class II division 1 mandibular deficient patients treated with Farmand functional appliance. 

Methods and Materials: Twenty-seven subjects (17 girls and 10 boys) with the mean age of 11.1±1.4 years were involved in the present study. All the subjects were treated with Farmand functional appliance. Paired t-test and Wilcoxon test were used to evaluate the data. The significance level was set at P<0.005.
Results: A skeletal Class I relationship and a marked reduction in the overjet were achieved with the use of Farmand appliance. ANB decreased significantly by 3.2±1.7 degrees, while SNB increased from 74.3 ±1.7 degrees to 77.6±2.3 degrees (P<0.001). 
Conclusion: The results showed that Farmand functional appliance is effective in the treatment of mandibular deficiency in patients with Class II division 1 malocclusion.

Keywords: Class II Division 1, malocclusion, Functional orthodontic appliance, Farmand
Full-Text [PDF 238 kb]   (865 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Oral medicine
* Corresponding Author Address: Fellow of Orthognathic Surgery, Orthodontics Dept, Member of Craniomaxillofacial Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
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Pakshir H, Mokhtar A, Darnahal A, Kamali Z, Jamilian A. Treatment Effects of Farmand Functional Appliance on Class II Division 1 Malocclusion. J Res Dentomaxillofac Sci. 2016; 1 (1) :22-27
URL: http://jrdms.dentaliau.ac.ir/article-1-83-en.html


Volume 1, Issue 1 (Journal of Research in Dental & Maxillofacial Sciences winter 2016) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Research in Dental and Maxillofacial Sciences
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