Volume 8, Issue 4 (11-2023)                   J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci 2023, 8(4): 295-301 | Back to browse issues page

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Shoorgashti R, Etemadi A, Mirzaee S, Shoorgashti R. Correlation of Periodontitis and In Vitro Fertilization Outcome: A Literature Review. J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci 2023; 8 (4) :295-301
URL: http://jrdms.dentaliau.ac.ir/article-1-474-en.html
1- Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. Laser Research Center of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , a-etemadi@farabi.tums.ac.ir
3- Faculty of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran
Abstract:   (861 Views)
Background and Aim: This study reviewed the literature regarding the correlation of periodontal disease and outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Materials and Methods: "IVF", "In Vitro Fertilization", and "Periodontitis" were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases
to find English articles published up to August 2022. A free online resource developed by the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health
was used to search the grey literature. Duplicate screening and extraction of citations were also carried out. No search filter was applied during
searching. Two independent reviewers evaluated the title and abstract of the retrieved articles. Next, the articles retrieved in the initial search
were reviewed independently for relevant information to the research question.

Results: The relationship between periodontitis and IVF has been studied in a limited number of studies. According to most articles, periodontal
disease may affect IVF implantation and vice versa in women who want to conceive through this procedure. Low sperm motility and reduction in
sperm count were also seen in males with periodontitis. Only one study found no correlation between the presence of periodontal disease and
unwanted IVF results.
   Conclusion: According to the results, periodontitis can impair the reproductive function since it causes systemic bacteremia. Oral health should
be addressed by the primary care providers before the onset of any fertility treatment. There is; however, a need for further investigations into the
possible implications of periodontal disease in women seeking fertility care
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Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Periodontology

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