Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2024)                   J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci 2024, 9(1): 8-14 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.SUMS.DENTAL.REC.1399.100

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hejazi M, Eskandari F, Saheb Karam I, Asheghi B. To What Extent Does Isolation Precaution Training Affect the Mean Scores of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among Iranian Dental Students?. J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci 2024; 9 (1) :8-14
URL: http://jrdms.dentaliau.ac.ir/article-1-487-en.html
1- Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2- School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3- Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran , Bahar64a@gmail.com
Abstract:   (646 Views)
Background and Aim: Dental healthcare professionals may encounter various infectious diseases which necessitate the application of isolation precautions. This study aimed to assess the effects of isolation precaution training on the mean scores of knowledge, attitude, and practice of Iranian dental students.
Materials and Methods: This questionnaire-based study was carried out on 80 participants including 40 undergraduate and 40 postgraduate dental students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. A self-administered questionnaire including three scales of knowledge, attitude, and practice was used for data collection. A pamphlet was also distributed among the participants regarding infection control isolation precautions. After 4 weeks, the participants were asked to fill out the same questionnaire again. Paired t-test and Pearson’s correlation test were used to statistically analyze the data (alpha=0.05).   
Results: The mean knowledge score was significantly higher in postgraduate than undergraduate dental students (P=0.030). The mean knowledge scores of postgraduate (P=0.032) and undergraduate (P=0.001) dental students significantly improved after the intervention. The intervention also significantly increased the mean attitude score of postgraduate dental students (P=0.016). A positive linear correlation was detected between practice and attitude (r=0.244, P<0.05).
Conclusion: The mean knowledge and attitude scores of postgraduate and undergraduate dental students in the present study were higher than those of previous studies. However, the mean practice score was poor. Moreover, isolation precaution training increased the mean scores of knowledge and attitude. More equipment and continuous educational programs in accordance with the guidelines are needed.
Full-Text [PDF 251 kb]   (143 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (122 Views)  
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Endodontics

1. Moodley R, Naidoo S, Wyk JV. The prevalence of occupational health-related problems in dentistry: A review of the literature. J Occup Health. 2018 Mar 27;60(2):111-25. [DOI:10.1539/joh.17-0188-RA] [PMID] []
2. Harrel SK, Molinari J. Aerosols and splatter in dentistry: a brief review of the literature and infection control implications. J Am Dent Assoc. 2004 Apr;135(4):429-37. [DOI:10.14219/jada.archive.2004.0207] [PMID] []
3. McCarthy GM. Risk of transmission of viruses in the dental office. J Can Dent Assoc. 2000 Nov;66(10):554-5, 7.
4. Younai FS. Health care-associated transmission of hepatitis B & C viruses in dental care (dentistry). Clin Liver Dis. 2010 Feb;14(1):93-104; ix. [DOI:10.1016/j.cld.2009.11.010] [PMID]
5. Akbulut Y, Onder M, Kutlu G, Durur F, Orhan K. Determining the COVID-19 Knowledge, Awareness and Anxiety Levels of Intern Dentists. The International journal of occupational health and safety. 2023;13(1):108-18. [DOI:10.3126/ijosh.v13i1.45270]
6. Amato A, Caggiano M, Amato M, Moccia G, Capunzo M, De Caro F. Infection Control in Dental Practice During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jul 2;17(13):4769. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17134769] [PMID] []
7. Patel M. Infection control in dentistry during COVID - 19 pandemic: what has changed? Heliyon. 2020 Oct 30;6(10):e05402. [DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05402] [PMID] []
8. Ali K, Raja M. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): challenges and management of aerosol-generating procedures in dentistry. Evid Based Dent. 2020 Jun;21(2):44-5. [DOI:10.1038/s41432-020-0088-4] [PMID] []
9. Aghili SS, Pourzal A, Mosaddad SA, Amookhteh S. COVID-19 Risk Management in Dental Offices: A Review Article. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2022;10(F):763-72. [DOI:10.3889/oamjms.2022.10927]
10. Allison JR, Currie CC, Edwards DC, Bowes C, Coulter J, Pickering K, Kozhevnikova E, Durham J, Nile CJ, Jakubovics N, Rostami N, Holliday R. Evaluating aerosol and splatter following dental procedures: Addressing new challenges for oral health care and rehabilitation. J Oral Rehabil. 2021 Jan;48(1):61-72. [DOI:10.1111/joor.13098] [PMID] []
11. Aldahlawi S, Afifi I. COVID-19 in Dental Practice: Transmission Risk, Infection Control Challenge, and Clinical Implications. The Open Dentistry Journal. 2020;14(1):348-54. [DOI:10.2174/1874210602014010348]
12. Ataş O, Talo Yildirim T. Evaluation of knowledge, attitudes, and clinical education of dental students about COVID-19 pandemic. PeerJ. 2020 Jul 29;8:e9575. [DOI:10.7717/peerj.9575] [PMID] []
13. Baseer MA, Ansari SH, AlShamrani SS, Alakras AR, Mahrous R, Alenazi AM. Awareness of droplet and airborne isolation precautions among dental health professionals during the outbreak of corona virus infection in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. J Clin Exp Dent. 2016 Oct 1;8(4):e379-e87. [DOI:10.4317/jced.52811] [PMID] []
14. Bhanushali P, Katge F, Deshpande S, Chimata VK, Shetty S, Pradhan D. COVID-19: Changing Trends and Its Impact on Future of Dentistry. Int J Dent. 2020 May 29;2020:8817424. [DOI:10.1155/2020/8817424] [PMID] []
15. Modi PD, Nair G, Uppe A, Modi J, Tuppekar B, Gharpure AS, Langade D. COVID-19 Awareness Among Healthcare Students and Professionals in Mumbai Metropolitan Region: A Questionnaire-Based Survey. Cureus. 2020 Apr 2;12(4):e7514. [DOI:10.7759/cureus.7514]
16. Askarian M, Honarvar B, Tabatabaee HR, Assadian O. Knowledge, practice and attitude towards standard isolation precautions in Iranian medical students. J Hosp Infect. 2004 Dec;58(4):292-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.jhin.2004.07.004] [PMID]
17. Ge ZY, Yang LM, Xia JJ, Fu XH, Zhang YZ. Possible aerosol transmission of COVID-19 and special precautions in dentistry. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2020 May;21(5):361-8. [DOI:10.1631/jzus.B2010010] [PMID] []
18. Kumar KNL, Reddy GKJB. Effects of COVID-19 on Consumer Behavior in the Tourism Industry. In: Hassan A, Sharma A, Kennell J, Mohanty P, editors. Tourism and Hospitality in Asia: Crisis, Resilience and Recovery. Singapore: Springer Nature Singapore; 2022. p. 49-61. [DOI:10.1007/978-981-19-5763-5_4]
19. Askarian M, Mirzaei K, Honarvar B, Etminan M, Araujo MW. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards droplet and airborne isolation precautions among dental health care professionals in Shiraz, Iran. J Public Health Dent. 2005 Winter;65(1):43-7. [DOI:10.1111/j.1752-7325.2005.tb02785.x] [PMID]
20. Araujo MW, Andreana S. Risk and prevention of transmission of infectious diseases in dentistry. Quintessence Int. 2002 May;33(5):376-82.
21. Boukhobza S, Ritschl V, Stamm T, Bekes K. The COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Impact on Knowledge, Perception and Attitudes of Dentistry Students in Austria: A Cross-Sectional Survey. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2021 Jun 14;14:1413-22. [DOI:10.2147/JMDH.S311535] [PMID] []
22. Elagib MFA, Baldo SMH, Tawfig A, Alqarni MA, Ghandour IA, Idris AM. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding infection control measures among dental students during COVID-19 pandemic. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2022;77(6):455-67. [DOI:10.1080/19338244.2021.1931796] [PMID]
23. Pai B, Prashant G M, Shenoy R, Chandu G N. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of oral health care personnel regarding airborne spread of infection in Davangere, India. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2014;12(1):38-42. [DOI:10.4103/2319-5932.138955]
24. El-Saaidi C, Dadras O, Musumari PM, Ono-Kihara M, Kihara M. Infection Control Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices among Students of Public Dental Schools in Egypt. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jun 9;18(12):6248. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph18126248] [PMID] []
25. Silva O, Palomino S, Robles A, Ríos J, Mayta-Tovalino F. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices on Infection Control Measures in Stomatology Students in Lima, Peru. J Environ Public Health. 2018 Sep 12;2018:8027130. [DOI:10.1155/2018/8027130] [PMID] []
26. Askarian M, Assadian O. Infection control practices among dental professionals in Shiraz Dentistry School, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2009 Jan;12(1):48-51.
27. Al Jasser R, Al Sarhan M, Al Otaibi D, Al Oraini S. Awareness Toward COVID-19 Precautions Among Different Levels of Dental Students in King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2020 Oct 29;13:1317-24. [DOI:10.2147/JMDH.S267956] [PMID] []
28. Jain M, Sawla L, Mathur A, Nihlani T, Ayair U, Prabu D, Kulkarni S. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards droplet and airborne isolation precautions amongs dental health care professionals in India. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2010 Nov 1;15(6):e957-61. [DOI:10.4317/medoral.15.e957] [PMID]
29. Khasawneh AI, Humeidan AA, Alsulaiman JW, Bloukh S, Ramadan M, Al-Shatanawi TN, Awad HH, Hijazi WY, Al-Kammash KR, Obeidat N, Saleh T, Kheirallah KA. Medical Students and COVID-19: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Precautionary Measures. A Descriptive Study From Jordan. Front Public Health. 2020 May 29;8:253. [DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2020.00253] [PMID] []
30. Abalkhail A, Al Imam MH, Elmosaad YM, Jaber MF, Hosis KA, Alhumaydhi FA, Alslamah T, Alamer A, Mahmud I. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Standard Infection Control Precautions among Health-Care Workers in a University Hospital in Qassim, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Nov 11;18(22):11831. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph182211831] [PMID] []
31. Rezaee R, Danaei M, Askarian M. The efficacy of teaching hand hygiene to medical students: an interventional study. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences. 2014;4(9):151-9. [DOI:10.6007/IJARBSS/v4-i9/1138]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Research in Dental and Maxillofacial Sciences

Designed & Developed by: Yektaweb