Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2024)                   J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci 2024, 9(1): 43-48 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.MEDILAM.REC1400.053

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Abdal K, Yari A, Bonyadi M, Shafiei E. Predictive Role of Ectopic Calcifications on Digital Panoramic Radiographs in the West of Iran. J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci 2024; 9 (1) :43-48
URL: http://jrdms.dentaliau.ac.ir/article-1-435-en.html
1- Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2- Faculty of Dentistry, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
3- Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences,Ilam,Iran
4- Clinical Research Development Unit, Ayatollah Taleghani Hospital, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran , shafiei-e@medilam.ac.ir
Abstract:   (505 Views)
Background and Aim: Although soft tissue calcifications are relatively common and are commonly seen on panoramic radiographs, few studies have reported their causes. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between systemic diseases and ectopic calcifications.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, the study population included patients referred to the Radiology Department of two specialized dental clinics in Ilam and Kermanshah cities from 2020-2021. A total of 1000 participants were voluntarily examined. The collected data were analyzed using the correlation and logistic regression tests. 
Results: The prevalence of calcifications was 39.4% in Ilam and 27.6% in Kermanshah. Also, the results showed that there was a significant relationship between systemic diseases and calcifications (P<0.05). The correlation coefficient between systemic diseases and calcifications was r=0.76 (P=0.02) in Ilam, and r=0.84 (P=0.00) in Kermanshah. Age and sex could not predict calcifications (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Based on the findings, calcifications on panoramic radiographs may serve as a predictor for presence of systemic diseases.
Full-Text [PDF 245 kb]   (121 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (80 Views)  
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Radiology

1. Alkhatib SG, Shah KA, Abrams KJ. Imaging of Calcifying and Ossifying Disorders of the Spine. Neurographics 2021; 11 (1):49-58. [DOI:10.3174/ng.2000051]
2. Maia PRL, Tomaz AFG, Maia EFT, Lima KC, Oliveira PT. Prevalence of soft tissue calcifications in panoramic radiographs of the maxillofacial region of older adults. Gerodontology. 2021 Jun 24. [DOI:10.1111/ger.12578] [PMID]
3. Withana T, Maheshwari N, Ng A, Syed A. A pictorial review of soft tissue calcifications in the head and neck region. In: The 23rd International Congress of DentoMaxilloFacial Radiology (ICDMFR). 2021: Gwangju, South Korea.
4. Birudaraju D, Cherukuri L, Pranesh S, Budoff MJ. Current methods to assess mitral annular calcification and its risk factors. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2021 Sep;19(9):787-800. [DOI:10.1080/14779072.2021.1964361] [PMID]
5. Raggi P, Bellasi A. Prevalence and Progression of Cardiovascular Calcification in the General Population and Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. In: McCullough PA, Ronco C, editors. Textbook of Cardiorenal Medicine. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2021. p. 7-18. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-57460-4_2] []
6. Leow K, Szulc P, Schousboe JT, Kiel DP, Teixeira-Pinto A, Shaikh H, Sawang M, Sim M, Bondonno N, Hodgson JM, Sharma A, Thompson PL, Prince RL, Craig JC, Lim WH, Wong G, Lewis JR. Prognostic Value of Abdominal Aortic Calcification: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. J Am Heart Assoc. 2021 Jan 19;10(2): e017205. [DOI:10.1161/JAHA.120.017205] [PMID] []
7. Sinjab AZ, Soman C, Sahab LA. Prevalence of carotid artery calcifications in Riyadh from digital panoramic radiographs and its relationship with cardiovascular disorders: A retrospective cross-sectional study. Saudi J Oral Sci 2021; 8: 28-32. [DOI:10.4103/sjos.SJOralSci_78_20]
8. de Onofre NML, Vizzotto MB, Wanzeler AMV, da Silveira Tiecher PF, Arús NA, Guillén LEA, et al. Association between internal carotid artery calcifications detected as incidental findings and clinical characteristics associated with atherosclerosis: A dental volumetric tomography study. European Journal of Radiology. 2021;145:110045. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2021.110045] [PMID]
9. Kermanshah H, Geramy A, Ebrahimi SF, Bitaraf T. IPS-Empress II inlay-retained fixed partial denture reinforced with zirconia bar: three-dimensional finite element and in-vitro studies. Acta Odontol Scand. 2012 Dec;70(6):569-76. [DOI:10.3109/00016357.2011.640283] [PMID]
10. Arzani V, Ahmadi P. Evaluation of Stylohyoid Complex Patterns on Digital Panoramic Radiographs in the Local Population in Ilam, Iran. AJDR 2021;13(1):23-7. [DOI:10.34172/ajdr.2021.05]
11. Arya N, Ranjbar F, Mohamadi S, Keyhan AM. Evaluation of Prevalence of Ectopic Calcification in Digital Panoramic Radiography in Patients Referred To Radiology Department of Bushehr Dental School During 2018. Journal of Mashhad Dental School. 2019;43(3):217-26.
12. Imanimoghaddam M, Tohidi E, Yazdi AA, Nikbakhsh E, Goudarzi F. Incidental Findings in Digital Panoramic Radiography of Patients Referred to Mashhad Dental School. Journal of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. 2021; 28 (1):43-55.
13. Ezoddini-Ardakani F, Kheirollahi Kh, Kheirollahi H. A prevalence study on ectopic calcification in digital panoramic radiographs in Shahid Sadoughi Dental School of Yazd in 2012-2013. J Shahid Sadoughi Univ Med Sci 2013; 21(3 Suppl): 384-94.
14. Icoz D, Akgunlu F. Prevalence of detected soft tissue calcifications on digital panoramic radiographs. SRM J Res Dent Sci 2019;10(1):21-5. [DOI:10.4103/srmjrds.srmjrds_60_18]
15. ImaniMoghaddam M, JavadzadehBluori A, AhmadianYazdi A, Daneshvar F. A One Year Prevalence Study on Soft Tissue Opacities in Panorarnic Radiography in Patients Referred to Radiology Department of Mashhad Dental School. Journal of Mashhad Dental School. 2010; 34 (4):271-80.
16. Shakibaei Z, Tohidi E, Salemi F, Saati S. Prevalence of Stylohyoid Ligament Calcification on Panoramic Radiographs in an Iranian Population. J Dent Mater Tech 2015; 4(1): 21-8.
17. Watanabe PC, Dias FC, Issa JP, Monteiro SA, de Paula FJ, Tiossi R. Elongated styloid process and atheroma in panoramic radiography and its relationship with systemic osteoporosis and osteopenia. Osteoporos Int. 2010 May; 21 (5):831-6. [DOI:10.1007/s00198-009-1022-y] [PMID]
18. Ribeiro A, Keat R, Khalid S, Ariyaratnam S, Makwana M, do Pranto M, Albuquerque R, Monteiro L. Prevalence of calcifications in soft tissues visible on a dental pantomogram: A retrospective analysis. J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2018 Nov;119(5):369-74. [DOI:10.1016/j.jormas.2018.04.014] [PMID]
19. Omami G. Soft tissue calcification in oral and maxillofacial imaging: a pictorial review. Int J Dentistry Oral Sci 2016;3(4):219-24. [DOI:10.19070/2377-8075-1600046]
20. Sutter W, Berger S, Meier M, Kropp A, Kielbassa AM, Turhani D. Cross-sectional study on the prevalence of carotid artery calcifications, tonsilloliths, calcified submandibular lymph nodes, sialoliths of the submandibular gland, and idiopathic osteosclerosis using digital panoramic radiography in a Lower Austrian subpopulation. Quintessence Int. 2018 Jan 22:231-42.
21. Bamgbose BO, Ruprecht A, Hellstein J, Timmons S, Qian F. The prevalence of tonsilloliths and other soft tissue calcifications in patients attending oral and maxillofacial radiology clinic of the university of iowa. ISRN Dent. 2014 Jan 22;2014:839635. [DOI:10.1155/2014/839635] [PMID] []
22. Vengalath J, Puttabuddi JH, Rajkumar B, Shivakumar GC. Prevalence of soft tissue calcifications on digital panoramic radiographs: A retrospective study. J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol 2014;26(4):385-89. [DOI:10.4103/0972-1363.155676]
23. Guimarães Henriques JC, Kreich EM, Helena Baldani M, Luciano M, Cezar de Melo Castilho J, Cesar de Moraes L. Panoramic radiography in the diagnosis of carotid artery atheromas and the associated risk factors. Open Dent J. 2011;5:79-83. [DOI:10.2174/1874210601105010079] [PMID] []
24. Haghighat ASJ, Nikbin A, Sajedikia S. Prevalence of Soft Tissue Calcifications in Panoramic Radiographs of Patients Referred to Guilan School of Dentistry Within 1 Year and its Relationship With Systemic Diseases. Avicenna J Dent Res. 2019;11(1):15-20. [DOI:10.34172/ajdr.2019.03]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Research in Dental and Maxillofacial Sciences

Designed & Developed by: Yektaweb