Volume 7, Issue 2 (Journal of Research in Dental & Maxillofacial Sciences Spring 2022)                   J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci 2022, 7(2): 70-76 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezvani R, Navabi N, Khaleghi Dehghan E, Salar Z. Maternal Periodontal Disease as a Potential Risk Factor for Preterm Birth and Low Birth Weight. J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci. 2022; 7 (2) :70-76
URL: http://jrdms.dentaliau.ac.ir/article-1-354-en.html
1- Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, School of Dentistry, Social Determinants on Oral Health Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2- Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine, School of Dentistry, Social Determinants on Oral Health Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , e.khaleghi1@yahoo.com
3- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Abstract:   (379 Views)

Background and Aim: Periodontal disease may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW) or preterm birth (PTB). In the present study, mothers with one of these two delivery complications were analyzed regarding presence/absence of periodontal disease as a possible risk factor in comparison with related medical risk factors.  
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the sample included 50 women admitted to Afzalipour Hospital in Kerman. All mothers had a history of PTB or LBW in their recent delivery. Medical risk factors including intra­-uterine growth restriction (IUGR), premature rupture of the amniotic membrane (PROM) and vaginal bleeding in addition to periodontal parameters including bleeding on probing (BOP), plaque index (PI) and attachment loss were recorded. Descriptive indices, Spearman’s coefficient, logistic regression model, and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used for data analysis.
Results: All patients had various forms of periodontal involvement; 86% had periodontitis. The frequency of periodontitis was significantly higher than medical risk factors (P=0.024). The area under the curve (AUC) demonstrated higher discriminating power for maternal periodontal parameters in comparison with medical risk factors.
Conclusion: Maternal periodontal disease appears to be an independent risk factor for PTB and LBW.

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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Periodontology

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