Volume 6, Issue 3 (Journal of Research in Dental & Maxillofacial Sciences Summer 2021)                   J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci 2021, 6(3): 40-46 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Baharvand M, Shokri M, Hassani S, Mirzaei H, Mahdian M. Antibacterial effect of coconut water and coconut oil on Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci. 2021; 6 (3) :40-46
URL: http://jrdms.dentaliau.ac.ir/article-1-334-en.html
1- Oral Medicine Dept. School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Dental Biomaterials, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- General Dental Practitioner, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Postgraduate student, Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , homamirzaei87@gmail.com
5- Department of prosthodontics and Digital Technology, Stony Brook University, School of Dental Medicine, Stony Brook, NY, USA.
Abstract:   (198 Views)
Introduction: The antibacterial effects of coconut products have been extensively studied in the recent years. Due to the high prevalence of periodontal disease and the role of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans) in periodontitis, antimicrobial agents can be effective in controlling this condition. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the antimicrobial effects of coconut water and coconut oil on A. actinomycetemcomitans.
Materials and Methods: Coconut water was extracted by cracking a coconut and coconut oil was extracted by an oil-pressing machine by the cold pressing method at -50 ̊C. The disc diffusion test was carried out on 4 plates containing coconut oil, coconut water, positive control, and negative control to measure the diameter of growth inhibition zone. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined. All tests were repeated 3 times.
Result: Coconut oil in 100% concentration showed no antibacterial effect on A. actinomycetemcomitans in the disc diffusion test. Thus, the MBC and MIC were not determined for coconut oil. Coconut water demonstrated a bactericidal effect with 11, 9, and 0 mm growth inhibition zone diameter on 3 consecutive repetitions. According to independent t-test, a significant difference existed between the diameter of growth inhibition zone caused by coconut oil and positive control (P= 0.001).
Conclusion: Coconut oil showed no antibacterial effect on A. actinomycetemcomitans, and the antibacterial effect of coconut water on A. actinomycetemcomitans was very weak.
Full-Text [PDF 264 kb]   (130 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (65 Views)  
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Oral medicine

References
1. Neville BW, Damm DD Allen CM, Chi AC. Oral and maxillofacial pathology. 4th edition, WB Saunders, Elsevier, Missouri, 2016;154-76.
2. Taheri JB, Espineli FW, Lu H, Asayesh M, Bakhshi M, Nakhostin MR, et al. Antimicrobial effect of coconut flour on oral microflora: An in vitro study. Res J Biol Sci. 2010;5(6):456-9. [DOI:10.3923/rjbsci.2010.456.459]
3. Ogbolu DO, Oni AA, Daini OA, Oloko AP. In vitro antimicrobial properties of coconut oil on Candida species in Ibadan, Nigeria. J Med Food. 2007 Jun;10(2):384-7. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2006.1209. [DOI:10.1089/jmf.2006.1209]
4. Shino B, Peedikayil FC, Jaiprakash SR, Ahmed Bijapur G, Kottayi S, Jose D. Comparison of antimicrobial activity of chlorhexidine, coconut oil, Probiotics, and ketoconazole on Candida albicans isolated in children with early childhood caries: An in vitro study. Scientifica (Cairo). 2016;2016:7061587. doi: 10.1155/2016/7061587. [DOI:10.1155/2016/7061587]
5. Thaweboon S., Nakaparksin J, Thaweboon, B. Effect of oil-pulling on oral microorganisms in biofilm models. Asia J Public Health. 2011;2(2):62-6.
6. Nasimuddin S, Durai R, Sumathi G. A study of invitro antimicrobial activity of coconut water and coconut oil on gram positive and gram negative bacteria. World J Pharm Res. 2016;5(8):696-700.
7. Ripari F, Filippone F, Zumbo G, Covello F, Zara F, Vozza I. The role of coconut oil in treating patients affected by plaque-induced gingivitis: A pilot study. Eur J Dent. 2020 Oct;14(4):558-565. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1714194. [DOI:10.1055/s-0040-1714194]
8. Raitapuro-Murray T, Molleson TI, Hughes FJ. The prevalence of periodontal disease in a Romano-British population c. 200-400 AD. Br Dent J. 2014 Oct;217(8):459-66. [DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2014.908]
9. Nazir MA. Prevalence of periodontal disease, its association with systemic diseases and prevention. Int J Health Sci. 2017;11(2):72-80.
10. Ardila CM, Bedoya-García JA. Antimicrobial resistance of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia in periodontitis patients. J Glob Antimicrob Resist. 2020 Sep;22:215-218. [DOI:10.1016/j.jgar.2020.02.024]
11. Michaud DS, Fu Z, Shi J, Chung M. Periodontal Disease, Tooth Loss, and Cancer Risk. Epidemiol Rev. 2017 Jan;39(1):49-58. [DOI:10.1093/epirev/mxx006]
12. Henderson B, Ward JM, Ready D. Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans: a triple A* periodontopathogen? Periodontol 2000. 2010 Oct;54(1):78-105. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0757.2009.00331.x]
13. Sholapurkar A, Sharma D, Glass B, Miller C, Nimmo A, Jennings E. Professionally eldivered local antimicrobials in the treatment of patients with periodontitis-A narrative review. Dent J (Basel). 2020 Dec 22;9(1):2. doi: 10.3390/dj9010002. [DOI:10.3390/dj9010002]
14. Socransky SS, Haffajee AD. Periodontal microbial ecology. Periodontol 2000. 2005;38:135-87. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0757.2005.00107.x. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0757.2005.00107.x]
15. Scapoli L, Girardi A, Palmieri A, Testori T, Zuffetti F, Monguzzi R, et al. Microflora and periodontal disease. Dent Res J (Isfahan). 2012 Dec;9(Suppl 2):S202-6. doi: 10.4103/1735-3327.109755.
16. Chahboun H, Arnau MM, Herrera D, Sanz M, Ennibi OK. Bacterial profile of aggressive periodontitis in Morocco: a cross-sectional study. BMC Oral Health. 2015 Feb;15:25. doi: 10.1186/s12903-015-0006-x. [DOI:10.1186/s12903-015-0006-x]
17. Monteiro Mde F, Casati MZ, Taiete T, Vale HF, Nociti FH Jr, Sallum EA, et al. Periodontal clinical and microbiological characteristics in healthy versus generalized aggressive periodontitis families. J Clin Periodontol. 2015 Oct;42(10):914-21. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.12459. [DOI:10.1111/jcpe.12459]
18. Lovegrove JM. Dental plaque revisited: bacteria associated with periodontal disease. J N Z Soc Periodontol. 2004;(87):7-21.
19. Srivastava P, Durgaprasad S. Burn wound healing property of Cocos nucifera: An appraisal. Indian J Pharmacol. 2008 Aug;40(4):144-6. doi: 10.4103/0253-7613.43159. [DOI:10.4103/0253-7613.43159]
20. Nagilla J, Kulkarni S, Madupu PR, Doshi D, Bandari SR, Srilatha A. Comparative evaluation of antiplaque efficacy of coconut oil pulling and a placebo, among dental college students: A randomized controlled trial. J Clin Diagn Res 2017;11(9):ZC08-ZC11. [DOI:10.7860/JCDR/2017/26656.10563]
21. Asokan S, Emmadi P, Chamundeswari R. Effect of oil pulling on plaque induced gingivitis: a randomized, controlled, triple-blind study. Indian J Dent Res. 2009 Jan-Mar;20(1):47-51. doi: 10.4103/0970-9290.49067. [DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.49067]
22. Rukmini JN, Manasa S, Rohini C, Sireesha LP, Ritu S, Umashankar GK. Antibacterial efficacy of tender coconut water (Cocos nucifera L) on Streptococcus mutans: An in-vitro study. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2017 Mar-Apr;7(2):130-134. doi: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_275_16. [DOI:10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_275_16]
23. Kohli D, Hugar SM, Bhat KG, Shah PP, Mundada MV, Badakar CM. Comparative evaluation of the antimicrobial susceptibility and cytotoxicity of husk extract of Cocos nucifera and chlorhexidine as irrigating solutions against Enterococcus Faecalis, Prevotella Intermedia and Porphyromonas Gingivalis - An in-vitro study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2018 Apr-Jun;36(2):142-150. doi: 10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_1176_17 [DOI:10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_1176_17]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Research in Dental and Maxillofacial Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb