Volume 7, Issue 3 (7-2022)                   J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci 2022, 7(3): 181-193 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: 000
Clinical trials code: 00000

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hassani S, Hashemi moghaddam F, Akbari foroud S, Aghayan S. Techniques and Materials for Treatment of Bone Loss Due to Periodontitis: A Review. J Res Dent Maxillofac Sci 2022; 7 (3) :181-193
URL: http://jrdms.dentaliau.ac.ir/article-1-326-en.html
1- Private Practice, Tehran, Iran
2- Periodontology Dept, Faculty of Dentistry,Islamic Azad University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , shabnamaghayan@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (266 Views)
Background and Aim: Stainless steel crowns (SSCs) are the gold standard for restoration of severely damaged primary teeth.
However, the unesthetic appearance of SSCs is responsible for their lower acceptance by clinicians and patients. Zirconia crowns areanother option for reconstruction of severely damaged teeth, which also provide optimal esthetics.  

Case Presentation: Our patient was a 5-year-old child with acarious primary mandibular first molar. A prefabricated zirconia crown was considered for the tooth because the parents disapproved the color of SSC. The computer-aided design/computer-aidedmanufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology was used to fabricate azirconia crown with porcelain veneering since the size ofprefabricated crowns did not match the size of the respective tooth.
Conclusion: At the 1-year follow-up, the crown fabricated with this technique showed optimal esthetics, function, and durability.
Although these crowns have shortcomings such as the risk ofporcelain chipping, and require greater tooth preparation than SSCs, they can serve as a suitable alternative for reconstruction of severely damaged primary teeth when esthetics is an important parameter to consider.
Full-Text [PDF 679 kb]   (170 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (511 Views)  
Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Periodontology

1. Kinaia BM, Steiger J, Neely AL, Shah M, Bhola M. Treatment of Class II molar furcation involvement: meta-analyses of reentry results. J Periodontol. 2011 Mar;82(3):413-28. [DOI:10.1902/jop.2010.100306] [PMID]
2. Jenabian N, Haghanifar S, Maboudi A, Bijani A. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of Bio-Gen with biocollagen compared with Bio-Gen with connective tissue in the treatment of class II furcation defects: a randomized clinical trial. J Appl Oral Sci. 2013 Sep-Oct;21(5):422-9. [DOI:10.1590/1679-775720130113] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. Sanz M, Herrera D, Kebschull M, Chapple I, Jepsen S, Beglundh T, Sculean A, Tonetti MS; EFP Workshop Participants and Methodological Consultants. Treatment of stage I-III periodontitis-The EFP S3 level clinical practice guideline. J Clin Periodontol. 2020 Jul;47 Suppl 22(Suppl 22):4-60.
4. Haroun AA, Zaki BM, Shalash M, Morsy RAA. Preparation and Histological Study of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Bone Graft in Management of Class II Furcation Defects in Dogs. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2019 Oct 11;7(21): 3634-41. [DOI:10.3889/oamjms.2019.738] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Nordland P, Garrett S, Kiger R, Vanooteghem R, Hutchens LH, Egelberg J. The effect of plaque control and root debridement in molar teeth. J Clin Periodontol. 1987 Apr;14 (4):231-6. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-051X.1987.tb00972.x] [PMID]
6. Pretzl B, Kaltschmitt J, Kim TS, Reitmeir P, Eickholz P. Tooth loss after active periodontal therapy. 2: tooth-related factors. J Clin Periodontol. 2008 Feb;35(2):175-82. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2007.01182.x] [PMID]
7. Doğan GE, Aksoy H, Demir T, Laloğlu E, Özyıldırım E, Sağlam E, Akçay F. Clinical and biochemical comparison of guided tissue regeneration versus guided tissue regeneration plus low-level laser therapy in the treatment of class II furcation defects: A clinical study. J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2016;18(2):98-104. [DOI:10.3109/14764172.2015.1114637] [PMID]
8. Matuliene G, Pjetursson BE, Salvi GE, Schmidlin K, Brägger U, Zwahlen M, Lang NP. Influence of residual pockets on progression of periodontitis and tooth loss: results after 11 years of maintenance. J Clin Periodontol. 2008 Aug; 35(8): 685-95. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01245.x] [PMID]
9. Helal O, Göstemeyer G, Krois J, Fawzy El Sayed K, Graetz C, Schwendicke F. Predictors for tooth loss in periodontitis patients: Systematic review and meta-analysis. J Clin Periodontol. 2019 Jul;46(7):699-712. [DOI:10.1111/jcpe.13118] [PMID]
10. Murphy KG, Gunsolley JC. Guided tissue regeneration for the treatment of periodontal intrabony and furcation defects. A systematic review. Ann Periodontol. 2003 Dec;8(1):266-302. [DOI:10.1902/annals.2003.8.1.266] [PMID]
11. Mundy G, Garrett R, Harris S, Chan J, Chen D, Rossini G, Boyce B, Zhao M, Gutierrez G. Stimulation of bone formation in vitro and in rodents by statins. Science. 1999 Dec 3;286 (5446):1946-9. [DOI:10.1126/science.286.5446.1946] [PMID]
12. Deo V, Gupta S, Ansari S, Kumar P, Yadav R. Evaluation of effectiveness of connective tissue graft as a barrier with bioresorbable collagen membrane in the treatment of mandibular Class II furcation defects in humans: 4-year clinical results. Quintessence Int. 2014 Jan;45(1):15-22.
13. Dommisch H, Walter C, Dannewitz B, Eickholz P. Resective surgery for the treatment of furcation involvement: A systematic review. J Clin Periodontol. 2020 Jul;47 Suppl 22:375-91. [DOI:10.1111/jcpe.13241] [PMID]
14. Garg S, Pradeep AR. 1.2% Rosuvastatin and 1.2% Atorvastatin Gel Local Drug Delivery and Redelivery in the Treatment of Class II Furcation Defects: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. J Periodontol. 2017 Mar;88(3):259-65. [DOI:10.1902/jop.2016.160399] [PMID]
15. Landmesser U, Bahlmann F, Mueller M, Spiekermann S, Kirchhoff N, Schulz S, Manes C, Fischer D, de Groot K, Fliser D, Fauler G, März W, Drexler H. Simvastatin versus ezetimibe: pleiotropic and lipid-lowering effects on endothelial function in humans. Circulation. 2005 May 10;111(18):2356-63. [DOI:10.1161/01.CIR.0000164260.82417.3F] [PMID]
16. Garlet GP, Martins W Jr, Fonseca BA, Ferreira BR, Silva JS. Matrix metalloproteinases, their physiological inhibitors and osteoclast factors are differentially regulated by the cytokine profile in human periodontal disease. J Clin Periodontol. 2004 Aug;31(8):671-9. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2004.00545.x] [PMID]
17. Asimuddin S, Koduganti RR, Panthula VNR, Jammula SP, Dasari R, Gireddy H. Effect of Autologous Platelet Rich Fibrin in Human Mandibular Molar Grade II Furcation Defects- A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017 Apr;11(4): ZC73-ZC77. [DOI:10.7860/JCDR/2017/23277.9694] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Bevilacqua L, Fonzar A, Olivier S, De Biasi M, Visintin M, Angerame D, Maglione M. Outcome of Different Surgical Approaches in the Treatment of Class II Furcation Defects in Mandibular Molars: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2020 Sep/Oct;40(5):693-701. [DOI:10.11607/prd.4850] [PMID]
19. Oliveira HFE, Verri F, Lemos CA, Cruz R, Batista VES, Pellizzer E, Santinoni C. Clinical Evidence for Treatment of Class II Periodontal Furcation Defects. Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Int Acad Periodontol. 2020 Jul 1;22(3):117-28.
20. Reynolds MA, Aichelmann-Reidy ME, Branch-Mays GL, Gunsolley JC. The efficacy of bone replacement grafts in the treatment of periodontal osseous defects. A systematic review. Ann Periodontol. 2003 Dec;8(1):227-65. [DOI:10.1902/annals.2003.8.1.227] [PMID]
21. Soares DM, de Melo JGA, Barboza CAG, Alves RV. The use of enamel matrix derivative in the treatment of class II furcation defects: systematic review and meta-analysis. Aust Dent J. 2020 Dec;65(4):241-51. [DOI:10.1111/adj.12794] [PMID]
22. Jaiswal R, Deo V. Evaluation of the effectiveness of enamel matrix derivative, bone grafts, and membrane in the treatment of mandibular Class II furcation defects. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2013 Mar-Apr;33(2):e58-64. [DOI:10.11607/prd.1428] [PMID]
23. Avila-Ortiz G, De Buitrago JG, Reddy MS. Periodontal regeneration - furcation defects: a systematic review from the AAP Regeneration Workshop. J Periodontol. 2015 Feb; 86(2 Suppl):S108-30. [DOI:10.1902/jop.2015.130677] [PMID]
24. Asgary S, Shahabi S, Jafarzadeh T, Amini S, Kheirieh S. The properties of a new endodontic material. J Endod. 2008 Aug;34(8):990-3 [DOI:10.1016/j.joen.2008.05.006] [PMID]
25. Ghanbari HO, Taheri M, Abolfazli S, Asgary S, Gharechahi M. Efficacy of MTA and CEM Cement with Collagen Membranes for Treatment of Class II Furcation Defects. J Dent (Tehran). 2014 May;11(3):343-54.
26. Paolantonio M, Di Tullio M, Giraudi M, Romano L, Secondi L, Paolantonio G, Graziani F, Pilloni A, De Ninis P, Femminella B. Periodontal regeneration by leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin with autogenous bone graft versus enamel matrix derivative with autogenous bone graft in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects: A randomized non-inferiority trial. J Periodontol. 2020 Dec;91(12):1595-608. [DOI:10.1002/JPER.19-0533] [PMID]
27. Del Fabbro M, Karanxha L, Panda S, Bucchi C, Nadathur Doraiswamy J, Sankari M, Ramamoorthi S, Varghese S, Taschieri S. Autologous platelet concentrates for treating periodontal infrabony defects. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018 Nov 26;11(11):CD011423. [DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD011423.pub2] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. Kaya Y, Yalim M, Bahçecitapar M, Baloş K. Comparison of applying particulate demineralized bone matrix (DBM), putty DBM and open flap debridement in periodontal horizontal bone defects. A 12-month longitudinal, multi-center, triple-blind, split-mouth, randomized, controlled clinical study. Part 1 - clinical and radiographic evaluation. J Oral Rehabil. 2009 Jul;36(7):524-34. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2842.2009.01958.x] [PMID]
29. Palachur D, Prabhakara Rao KV, Murthy KR, Kishore DT, Reddy MN, Bhupathi A. A comparative evaluation of bovine-derived xenograft (Bio-Oss Collagen) and type I collagen membrane (Bio-Gide) with bovine-derived xenograft (Bio-Oss Collagen) and fibrin fibronectin sealing system (TISSEEL) in the treatment of intrabony defects: A clinico-radiographic study. J Indian Soc Periodontol. 2014 May;18(3):336-43. [DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.134572] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Richardson CR, Mellonig JT, Brunsvold MA, McDonnell HT, Cochran DL. Clinical evaluation of Bio-Oss: a bovine-derived xenograft for the treatment of periodontal osseous defects in humans. J Clin Periodontol. 1999 Jul;26 (7):421-8. [DOI:10.1034/j.1600-051X.1999.260702.x] [PMID]
31. Pradeep AR, Bajaj P, Rao NS, Agarwal E, Naik SB. Platelet-Rich Fibrin Combined With a Porous Hydroxyapatite Graft for the Treatment of 3-Wall Intrabony Defects in Chronic Periodontitis: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. J Periodontol. 2017 Dec;88(12):1288-96. [DOI:10.1902/jop.2012.110722] [PMID]
32. Simsek SB, Keles GC, Baris S, Cetinkaya BO. Comparison of mesenchymal stem cells and autogenous cortical bone graft in the treatment of class II furcation defects in dogs. Clin Oral Investig. 2012 Feb;16(1):251-8. [DOI:10.1007/s00784-010-0486-7] [PMID]
33. Lohi HS, Nayak DG, Uppoor AS. Comparative Evaluation of the Efficacy of Bioactive Ceramic Composite Granules Alone and in Combination with Platelet Rich Fibrin in the Treatment of Mandibular Class II Furcation Defects: A Clinical and Radiographic Study. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017 Jul;11 (7):ZC76-ZC80.
34. Pradeep AR, Bajaj P, Rao NS, Agarwal E, Naik SB. Platelet-Rich Fibrin Combined With a Porous Hydroxyapatite Graft for the Treatment of 3-Wall Intrabony Defects in Chronic Periodontitis: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. J Periodontol. 2017 Dec;88(12):1288-96. [DOI:10.1902/jop.2012.110722] [PMID]
35. Sharma A, Pradeep AR. Treatment of 3-wall intrabony defects in patients with chronic periodontitis with autologous platelet-rich fibrin: a randomized controlled clinical trial. J Periodontol. 2011 Dec;82(12):1705-12. [DOI:10.1902/jop.2011.110075] [PMID]
36. Mathur A, Bains VK, Gupta V, Jhingran R, Singh GP. Evaluation of intrabony defects treated with platelet-rich fibrin or autogenous bone graft: A comparative analysis. Eur J Dent. 2015 Jan-Mar;9(1):100-8. [DOI:10.4103/1305-7456.149653] [PMID] [PMCID]
37. Prakash S, Sunitha J, Abid S. Evaluation of HTR polymer (Bioplant HTR) as a bone graft material in the treatment of interproximal vertical bony defects: a clinical and radiological study. Indian J Dent Res. 2010 Apr-Jun;21(2): 179-84. [DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.66630] [PMID]
38. Walters SP, Greenwell H, Hill M, Drisko C, Pickman K, Scheetz JP. Comparison of porous and non-porous teflon membranes plus a xenograft in the treatment of vertical osseous defects: a clinical reentry study. J Periodontol. 2003 Aug;74(8):1161-8. [DOI:10.1902/jop.2003.74.8.1161] [PMID]
39. Eickholz P, Lenhard M, Benn DK, Staehle HJ. Periodontal surgery of vertical bony defects with or without synthetic bioabsorbable barriers. 12-month results. J Periodontol.1998 Nov;69(11):1210-7. [DOI:10.1902/jop.1998.69.11.1210] [PMID]
40. Becker W, Becker BE. Treatment of mandibular 3-wall intrabony defects by flap debridement and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene barrier membranes. Long-term evaluation of 32 treated patients. J Periodontol. 1993 Nov; 64(11 Suppl):1138-44. [DOI:10.1902/jop.1993.64.11s.1138]
41. Jung UW, Lee JS, Park WY, Cha JK, Hwang JW, Park JC, Kim CS, Cho KS, Chai JK, Choi SH. Periodontal regenerative effect of a bovine hydroxyapatite/collagen block in one-wall intrabony defects in dogs: a histometric analysis. J Periodontal Implant Sci. 2011 Dec;41(6):285-92. [DOI:10.5051/jpis.2011.41.6.285] [PMID] [PMCID]
42. Gurinsky BS, Mills MP, Mellonig JT. Clinical evaluation of demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft and enamel matrix derivative versus enamel matrix derivative alone for the treatment of periodontal osseous defects in humans. J Periodontol. 2004 Oct;75(10):1309-18. [DOI:10.1902/jop.2004.75.10.1309] [PMID]
43. Jepsen S, Gennai S, Hirschfeld J, Kalemaj Z, Buti J, Graziani F. Regenerative surgical treatment of furcation defects: A systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. J Clin Periodontol. 2020 Jul;47 Suppl 22:352-74.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Research in Dental and Maxillofacial Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb