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Showing 2 results for Masoumi

M Vatanpour, Ch Azimi, Z Masoumi,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (Journal of Research in Dental & Maxillofacial Sciences winter 2017)
Abstract

Background and Aim: Dental injuries are one of the common problems in children. Considering that nowadays, more attention is being paid to dental health and that school health teachers play a key role in the management of dental injuries, this research was designed with the aim of determining the extent of the knowledge of elementary school health teachers of Tehran city on how to control students’ teeth injuries at school.

Materials and Methods: This research is a cross-sectional study. The questionnaires were given to 280 elementary school health teachers in Tehran city. Of the 280 questionnaires, 216 were answered (77.14%). Data were collected and statistical analysis was performed using descriptive statistics methods and inferential statistics test in two study populations, chi-square independence and Spearman correlation coefficient with 95% confidence interval (CI).

Results: Receiving medical emergency training courses affected the responses to the questions regarding the maximum time to restore the teeth to their location (p = 0.001), and the most appropriate action in case of altered consciousness (p = 0.05). Receiving dental emergency training courses had no impact on the responses to any of the other questions (p = 0.231). According to Spearman correlation test results, there was a weak reverse significant correlation between age and the question regarding the most appropriate way to reposition the teeth in this case (p = 0.031 and correlation coefficient = - 0.157), and between work experience and the question regarding distinguishing the tooth type (p = 0.042 and correlation coefficient = - 0. 153).

Conclusion: the results indicated that the knowledge of these teachers is not adequate, and that there is a need for education regarding the management of dental injuries. Furthermore, there is no significant correlation between the responses to the questionnaire and receiving dental emergency training courses.


E Jalalian, S Masoumi, Mr Bagheri,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (Journal of Research in Dental & Maxillofacial Sciences Spring 2018)
Abstract

Background and aim: Marginal adaptation affects the long-term success of full-coverage restorations. This study aimed to assess the effect of porcelain sintering and zirconia core thickness on the marginal adaptation of all-ceramic restorations.
Materials and methods: In this in-vitro experimental study, a standard brass die, 7 mm in length and 5 mm in diameter, was fabricated using a milling machine. A classic chamfer finish line with the depth of 0.8 mm was prepared with 10-degree tapered walls. Copings were fabricated on the die using the computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system and were divided into three groups (n=10) with 0.3-mm (group 1), 0.5-mm (group 2), and 0.7-mm (group 3) core thicknesses. The copings were placed on the dies and randomly coded. The vertical gap was measured at 10 points on the margin under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). After porcelain sintering, the crowns were placed again on the dies, and the vertical gap was measured again at the same points. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and paired t-test.
Results: There was a significant difference among the three groups in marginal gap (P<0.05). The comparison of marginal gaps before and after porcelain sintering showed no significant changes with 0.3-mm and 0.5-mm thicknesses (P>0.05) but the difference was statistically significant with 0.7-mm core thickness (P<0.05).
Conclusion: It may be concluded that by increasing the zirconia core thickness, the marginal gap of all-ceramic crowns decreases. Regarding 0.3-mm and 0.5-mm core thicknesses, porcelain sintering had no effect on marginal gap but regarding 0.7-mm core thickness, marginal gap increased after sintering.[U1] 

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