:: Volume 1, Issue 1 (Journal of Research in Dental & Maxillofacial Sciences winter 2016) ::
J Res Dentomaxillofac Sci 2016, 1(1): 22-27 Back to browse issues page
Treatment Effects of Farmand Functional Appliance on Class II Division 1 Malocclusion
HR Pakshir , A Mokhtar , A Darnahal , Z Kamali , AR Jamilian *
Professor, Fellow of Orthognathic surgery, Department of orthodontics, Tehran Dental Branch, center of craniomaxillofacial research, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. , info@jamilian.net
Abstract:   (2321 Views)

Background and Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cephalometric changes in Class II division 1 mandibular deficient patients treated with Farmand functional appliance. 

Methods and Materials: Twenty-seven subjects (17 girls and 10 boys) with the mean age of 11.1±1.4 years were involved in the present study. All the subjects were treated with Farmand functional appliance. Paired t-test and Wilcoxon test were used to evaluate the data. The significance level was set at P<0.005.
Results: A skeletal Class I relationship and a marked reduction in the overjet were achieved with the use of Farmand appliance. ANB decreased significantly by 3.2±1.7 degrees, while SNB increased from 74.3 ±1.7 degrees to 77.6±2.3 degrees (P<0.001). 
Conclusion: The results showed that Farmand functional appliance is effective in the treatment of mandibular deficiency in patients with Class II division 1 malocclusion.

Keywords: Class II Division 1, malocclusion, Functional orthodontic appliance, Farmand
Full-Text [PDF 233 kb]   (686 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Oral medicine


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Volume 1, Issue 1 (Journal of Research in Dental & Maxillofacial Sciences winter 2016) Back to browse issues page